আপডেট: ফেব্রুয়ারি ২৫, ২০২০
Most people consider climate to consist of the usual weather in a particular location. As a general rule, scientists look at the average weather over at least 30 years to describe a location’s climate, rather than the local forecast. The climatic zone can be determined by many factors, including the presence of mountains or large bodies of water. Additionally, the distance a location is from the equator helps determine its climate because the sun is more directly overhead at the equator. There are generally five zones.
types of weather: tropical
Photo by Jason Miller
A tropical climate zone usually averages 64 degrees Fahrenheit year-round. On average, 59 inches of rain falls annually. These areas include the band 20 degrees on either side of the equator. Areas with tropical climates include Malaysia, Indonesia, Brazil, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. You can find a variety of tropical rainforests, savannas, and chaparrals in this zone.
types of weather: dry
Photo by NeONBRAND
As the name would indicate, there is very little moisture in dry climates. The chances of evaporation are higher than the chances of precipitation. These climates include lower elevations in the Western United States. Some scientists use the Koppen Climate Classification system to divide this category into different types of dry climates further. Low-latitude deserts usually receive less than 0.1 inches of rain annually. You can find this climate zone in the Southwest United States, central Australia, Northern Mexico, and in many other places. They may also describe an area as having a steppe or dry mid-altitude climate. These areas usually get less than 4 inches of rain annually, and the average temperature is 43 degrees Fahrenheit. You can find this climate in the Great Plains of the United States, interior areas of Europe and Asia, and in North China. Generally, you will see either a desert and steppe in a dry climate zone.